Understand the implications for the courts of a victim's reluctance to disclose intimate partner sexual abuse, including the difficulty she herself may have in recognizing the abuse as a crime and the greater shame that attaches to intimate partner sexual abuse than to stranger rape or physical violence alone.
Understand why disclosure is particularly difficult for victims from some cultures and religions or marginalized communities.
Create a courtroom environment in which victims and those who advise/represent them do not anticipate automatic disbelief from making this disclosure.
Be alert for language barriers and choose appropriate interpreters
Be alert to possible immigration consequences of case outcomes for victim and offender.